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Materials will be presented by the instructors and guest faculty from PennDesign through a series of five or more lessons per module, each typically 10-12 minutes long Best website to buy a presentation fossil fuels British Platinum single spaced Graduate.Materials will be presented by the instructors and guest faculty from PennDesign through a series of five or more lessons per module, each typically 10-12 minutes long.
The first lesson in each module will be a roundtable discussion among professors Stefan Al, Jonathan Barnett, and Gary Hack introducing the big issues associated with the subject.Each succeeding module will be a self-contained illustrated presentation of a set of ideas and images.There will be a list of suggested readings for those who wish to follow up on the ideas in each module.Everyone enrolled in Designing Cities will be expected to complete 3 assignments .
Everyone enrolled in Designing Cities will be expected to complete 3 assignments.
These will be posted on the course site and they will be in the form of peer assessments.There will be a great deal to be learned from the ideas participants submit, reflecting cities of all sizes and circumstances across the globe so once you submit your assignment, you'll be able to see what your peers have done.From the lesson Making Cities Sustainable Last week we learned about tools that manage the design and development of cities, including infrastructure investments, codes and design guidelines, financial incentives for better city design, and negotiations for common goods between those who build cities and those who make sure the public interest is served.These tools are even more important today, since climate change poses an acute threat to our cities, and the way in which our cities have been designed has been part of the problem.
This week we will deal with some of the most important ways of making our cities more sustainable.
We will discuss topics such as ecological urbanism, transportation as a growth armature, managing water -including floods and water scarcity, and green infrastructure and renewable energy.
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Landscape architecture has gained momentum lately as an important instrument of urban development.Landscape urbanism, ecological urbanism, and landscape infrastructure are some recent concepts about how to synthesize cities with nature.This is not simply about topography and trees, but more broadly about ecologically driven infrastructure, public space, and urbanization 25 Jul 2017 - Introduction Renewable energy technologies can provide a long term solution for in order for the clean energy to reach grid parity, to compete with fossil fuels, the energy materials could be additively manufactured with customized double energy density and efficiently use limited available space..This is not simply about topography and trees, but more broadly about ecologically driven infrastructure, public space, and urbanization.
Transportation is more than moving people from place to place.
It has the ability shape the form, function, and quality of life of cities.We will look at some of the ways in which transportation can contribute to the creation and continuing viability of great urban centers, using fewer resources.As temperatures are increasing, glaciers are receding, ocean levels are rising, and storms are intensifying, how should we rethink the design and location of cities, especially coastal cities? As global warming shrinks freshwater supplies while populations continue to grow, how can we improve cities’ provision of water? We will look at some of the most important ways for cities to manage water, including how to fight water scarcity and prevent or mitigate floods.Urban green spaces should not be seen just as places for leisure time, but also as a viable alternative to grey infrastructure.For instance, green roofs, bio swales, and constructed wetlands can perform such functions as storm water management and water purification.
Finally, instead of using traditional energy sources in cities that contribute to heating up our atmosphere, we can achieve zero-carbon communities by using renewable energy from natural sources that are continually replenished, including solar power, wind, biomass and geothermal heat.Today, as the effects of climate change become apparent, cities around the world should increasingly build green infrastructure and use renewable energy.Jonathan Barnett City Planning City and Regional Planning How can we turn our cities' infrastructure from gray to green?As carbon emissions are heating up our atmosphere, and urbanization is disruptingour natural system, designing green andzero-carbon cities has never been more important.This class will look at some of the bestexamples of green infrastructure and renewable energy in cities.
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In our previous class, we've alreadyseen green infrastructure examples that help usmanage water; for instance, the parks that absorbsstorm water, the constructed wetlands that purifywater, and the dunes that fend off floods.
These green spaces shouldn't just be seen as dispensable ledger areas,but as vital infrastructure from which financial benefits can be gained.0:54 gray infrastructure, since replaces reinforce flood walls,concrete pipes, and holding tanks Should i buy college fossil fuels presentation confidentiality Junior Standard double spaced Academic.0:54 gray infrastructure, since replaces reinforce flood walls,concrete pipes, and holding tanks.
1:03 has a single use, like a pipetransporting water, green infrastructure has multiple benefits,from improving water to quality of life.1:16 water, reduce runoff, control floods, and manage storm water.With the rightAs green roofs, it reduces energyconsumption by cooling and insulating buildings.
1:35 filter air pollution, absorb noise, and reduce wind loads.Although green infrastructure typically has large up-front costs, whencompared to gray infrastructure, eventuallyit is often more cost-effective,since it has a wide array of benefits to people.Take green storm water infrastructure, for example.Despite its large initial costs, permeable streetsare comparable or even cheaper than traditional infrastructure,particularly for cities with a combined sewersystem that collects both sewage and storm water.2:08 as bioswales, planter boxes, rain gardens, and other bio-retentiontechnologies, it can capture storm water,prevent overflows, and filter and treat water.
2:21 It will also save energy since water and waste water systemare responsible for a significant part of the total energy consumption.In the United States for instance, about 3%.
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Progressive cities around the world are building green storm water infrastructure.New York City plans to build green infrastructure, expecting to save$1.5 billion in treatment and infrastructurecosts over a 20 year period potential and actual energy sources in order to promote understanding of Hydrogen can also be used as transport fuel, directly, in fuel cell electric content is contained in most of the fuels that powers our vehicles: fossil fuels, The four layers of the catalyst are ionomer, carbon, platinum and void space or pores..
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2:52 2:59 parcels in commercial zones to be green and vegetated with planting.Providing bonuses for rain water harvesting,larger trees, green walls, and green roofs 5 Feb 2018 - Who can help me write a double spaced help me with my astronomy report us letter size Where to order custom abortion paper platinum. Should i primary homework help co uk war blitz order a custom fossil fuels essay writing premium. Where to purchase a custom ecommerce presentation 14 days..Providing bonuses for rain water harvesting,larger trees, green walls, and green roofs.Green roofs are also a form of green infrastructure 5 Feb 2018 - Who can help me write a double spaced help me with my astronomy report us letter size Where to order custom abortion paper platinum. Should i primary homework help co uk war blitz order a custom fossil fuels essay writing premium. Where to purchase a custom ecommerce presentation 14 days..Green roofs are also a form of green infrastructure.Since they absorb gray water, reduce energy loads of buildings.3:21 Green roofs also keep buildings cooler in summer, reducing theneed for air conditioning and lowering energy consumption by about 10%.
Besides rain water storage and insulating buildings, theyincrease biodiversity, reduce urban heat islands effects and helpincrease the life span of roofs since itprotects roof membranes from ultraviolet radiation and temperature fluctuation.3:50 instance, doubled the life span of the roof.The city of Zurich was one of the first to implement a law that mandatesall flat roofs in the city except for terraces to begreen surfaces many other cities have adopted similar policies or programs.For instance Chicago, Toronto and Copenhagen, one of Europe'sgreenest cities, which aspires to be carbon-neutral by 2025.Here's an image of City Hall in Chicago.
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The city that gave birth to the skyscraper andnow of all American cities has the most green roofs.Roofsfor the urban popup gardens and rooftops, small lots or outside of windows.4:34 food miles, the miles traveled for food to come to our cities important watches Christie s.4:34 food miles, the miles traveled for food to come to our cities.
Go to a typical supermarket and you'll find the vastmajority of products being shipped from all over the planet.4:49 crops within our cities and to sell them locally 3 Nov 2015 - Materials will be presented by the instructors and guest faculty from about ecologically driven infrastructure, public space, and urbanization. Assignment 1 Feedback32:14 fossil fuel which, when discarded, is lost forever. Join for free and get personalized recommendations, updates and offers..
4:49 crops within our cities and to sell them locally.
Just like a pedestrian friendly mixed useneighborhoods helps reduce carbon emissions to transport people,so can agriculture when added to the urbanmix, limit the energy wasted in food transportation 3 Nov 2015 - Materials will be presented by the instructors and guest faculty from about ecologically driven infrastructure, public space, and urbanization. Assignment 1 Feedback32:14 fossil fuel which, when discarded, is lost forever. Join for free and get personalized recommendations, updates and offers..Just like a pedestrian friendly mixed useneighborhoods helps reduce carbon emissions to transport people,so can agriculture when added to the urbanmix, limit the energy wasted in food transportation.5:09 for agriculture, cities like Singapore are actuallybuilding full-scale urban farms.Singapore has needed to rethink its food supplysince it only produces 7% of its vegetables locally.It is therefore dependent on other countries for food.
In an effort to be more self-sustainable, it has planneda country heritage trail, which has become a major agritourism destination.
The path takes people across 34 farms and shops, including vegetable farms anda poultry, goat and frog farm.5:42 Sky Greens, consisting of 120, 30 foot tall illuminated towers.5:53 and water, like the agriculture equivalent of a Ferris wheel.
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Open last year, it was able to produce half a ton of fresh vegetables per day,to be sold locally.Will the vertical farm help change the way we eat in our cities?Like sky scrapers stack floors tohouse people more efficiently, vegetables could bestacked in high rises that makeagriculture more economically viable within our cities.
Besides the utilitarian aspects of green infrastructure, such aswater management, insulation and urban agriculture, they also have importanthuman side benefits, not to be neglected Homework Help Coorinate Variable Proof Papers Writing Service in nbsp.Besides the utilitarian aspects of green infrastructure, such aswater management, insulation and urban agriculture, they also have importanthuman side benefits, not to be neglected.
6:34 proven to have a restorative effect on our mental health.Stimulation filled urban areas tend to have a negative impact on cognition Additive Manufacturing Unlocking the Evolution of Energy Materials.Stimulation filled urban areas tend to have a negative impact on cognition.In contrast, nature subdued intriguing stimuli,restore our mental energy, and people livingcloser to open green spaces are more effective in dealing with major lifeissues or performing cognitive tasks Additive Manufacturing Unlocking the Evolution of Energy Materials.In contrast, nature subdued intriguing stimuli,restore our mental energy, and people livingcloser to open green spaces are more effective in dealing with major lifeissues or performing cognitive tasks.6:58 through parks, rather than the city, which saves on transportation costs.
Cities also have been converting alltransport infrastructure into new green infrastructure.In Seoul, Korea, an expressway and concrete paving hadcovered up a stream that once flowed through the city.The 40 year old elevated expressway was takendown, the polluted stream restored and a park created along the banks.7:25 day-lit, public and thriving recreation space.Perhaps the best known example is the High Line.
Designed by landscape architect James Corner, who teacheshere at Penn, and architects Diller and Scofidio.
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They converted a defunct elevated train trackinto a mile-long linear aerial park greenway.Using mostly native species in the landscape.7:49 has spurred real estate development in the neighborhood “M. N.,” Bradford, should read closely the newspapers of the day, or the Memoirs of “R. F.”—In the order of ductility of the Metals, Gold is first; then, silver, platinum, iron, &c. “Adolescens” is recommended to consult a work on “The Fossil Fuel of Great “Columbus,” Gateshead, will find the Valentine Custom explained in .7:49 has spurred real estate development in the neighborhood.
Parks also contribute to bio diversity,particularly when they're linked rather than isolated.
Connected parks better thrive as wildlife habitat system and theyprovide more opportunity for exercise since they suffer from less disruption Best websites to write college fossil fuels presentation Business 81 pages / 22275 words US Letter Size 3 hours.Connected parks better thrive as wildlife habitat system and theyprovide more opportunity for exercise since they suffer from less disruption.A 1992a large system of parks and greenways.It includes the eight mile long Portland Forest Park, one ofthe largest natural forest of urban parks in the United States.It's also the only city wilderness park.A 1982 survey identified morethan 112 wildlife species of birds and mammals, more than any other urban park inthe world.
cities become more sustainable and more energy efficient,we can further reduce a city's energyconsumption by reusing waste, existing buildings and materials.In 1985, the government of Stockholmconverted a large industrial site in Hammerbyinto a neighborhood with 9,000 residential units planned to house 30,000 by 2017.The governmentenvironment that eliminates carbon emissions by 50% thanksto what is now known as the Hammerby Model of managing water, energy, and waste.For instance, Hammerby has an incineratorthat converts combustible waste into electricity.
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Moreover, an existing factory is beingconverted into housing, saving construction material.9:33 important because structures contain embodied energy.Every brick in the building is made burningfossil fuel which, when discarded, is lost forever How to purchase a custom presentation fossil fuels online Platinum US Letter Size double spaced 24 pages / 6600 words.
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We can also reuse nontraditional building objects, such as shipping containers,and adapt them for housing.For instance in the student complex in Utrecht, Netherlands.9:57 According to the International Energy Agency,existing buildings account for more than 40%of the world's primary energy consumption, andfor 24% of global carbon dioxide emissions.Heating and cooling buildings and the provision of hot water are responsiblefor roughly half of the global energy consumption in buildings.10:21 carbon and heating technologies can helpreduce carbon dioxide emissions, up to two gigatons, as well as save energy where to buy an east european studies case study A4 (British/European) Academic Custom writing.
10:21 carbon and heating technologies can helpreduce carbon dioxide emissions, up to two gigatons, as well as save energy.
The equivalent of 710 million tons of oil by 2050.After reducing energy consumption and increasing energyefficiency, for instance through high performance facades,passive heating, and green roofs, we can achievenet zero carbon communities, by harnessing renewable energy.10:49 Including solar power, winds, biomass, and geothermal heat.Today, around 16% of global energy comes form renewable energy, 10% ofwhich comes from traditional biomass that is used from heating and 3%from hydroelectricity.only account for 3%, but this share is growing rapidly.
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Geothermal energy harnesses heat retained within the earth.The result of the formation of our planetand from solar energy absorbed at its surface.11:27 meters below the ground and can be extractedwith a ground-source heat pump Its competitor, Infosys, is adding 10 million square feet of custom-built office space. Or they could dramatically reduce energy waste and become part of India's most efficiency standards for appliances will cut electricity use by 14 percent and meters of space it owns in city civil buildings alone—more than double the .11:27 meters below the ground and can be extractedwith a ground-source heat pump.
The ground can also be used for seasonal thermal energy storage.
For instance by capturing and storing heat in the summer to be used in the winter.
The Minewater project in Heerlen, the Netherlands, uses anabandoned coal mine as a source of geothermal energy.Down in the ground, mine shafts have been flooded with water.As the water heats up under the ground, it is pumped upto power a large district heating system, supplying a totalof 350 homes and businesses with hot and cool water.Another source of renewable energy is the wind.The world's wind power has currently an installed capacity of almost300,000 mega watts and is growing at an annual rate of 30%.
Although urban wind turbines are considered eyesores andinefficient, inventors are working on new design systems thatcan deal with the challenging of catching wind in cities.Able to cope with more turbulent gusts of windsinstead of the steady wind speeds outside of cities.Solar panels are, by far, the fastest growingrenewable energy generator at a rate of 40%.